The Bible’s Attitude to the COVID-19 Vaccines and Others
By Garrick Augustus
To relieve the sufferings of humanity was among our Saviour’s most important mission, for wrapped up in this suffering is the penalty of sin, which is death. When Christ began His ministry, He sent His early disciples on their first medical missionary journey, and “… 1 He gave them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of sickness and all manner of disease… 7 And as ye go, preach, saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand. 8 Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils: freely ye have received, freely give.” (Matt. 10:1, 7, 8).
This work was not relegated to the twelve disciples alone but extended to all his followers in every successive age, and most especially so, upon his followers in these closing days of earth’s travail with the wickedness of sin.
At Heralds of the King Ministries, we believe that the entire Bible is the word of God, and that the Torah (the 5 books of Moses) emphasizes in the commandments, statutes, and judgments, which are applicable to us today and govern our conduct and our way of life on a daily basis.
We hold to the Biblical principle that we are “fearfully and wonderfully made” (Ps. 139:14), and our Creator has placed a solemn obligation upon us to “glorify God with [our] body”[i], (1 Cor. 6:20), for they belong to Him, by Creation and by redemption. Thus, we respectfully and willingly worship our God by embracing the Biblical Truth which teaches that “your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and you are not your own.” (1 Cor. 6:19)[ii]. Being “not [our] own,” we are obliged, before God and men, to guard against defiling His Temple in which we live and move and have our being. Therefore, whatever we eat, ingest, or otherwise consume, in whatever proportions they may be administered, must, first and foremost, comply with the profession of our faith in Jesus Christ (Yahshua), our Messiah, as revealed in the precepts of His Torah.
Additionally, we embrace the Biblical dietary principle given mankind at the Creation of our race, in which God said, “See, I have given you every herb that yields seed which is on the face of all the earth, and every tree whose fruit yields seed; to you it shall be for food.” (Gen. 1:29). That our food is of medicinal value is a well-established truth, one which is also espoused by the “Father of modern Medicine,” Hippocrates. Nearly 2,500 years ago, he wrote, “Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food.” This simple, yet profound truth, provides additional anchors to our deeply held religious belief that our bodies were created to be nourished by wholesome foods, designed, developed, and prescribed by our loving Creator, Yahweh.
While we are not conceptually averse to the idea of vaccines or vaccinations, the ingredients contained in the vaccines, the medium in which the vaccines are cultured, and the method must not be contrary to the commandments of the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, found in the Bible, and even if the final product does not contain components of the original fetal ingredients—for Torah-compliant Christians the end does not justify the means.
We are not permitted to consume the flesh of, swine, rodents, bats, unclean fowls, unclean marine life, creeping insects or any other forms of life the Bible deems to be ‘unclean’, per the commandments contained in Leviticus 11:1-47, Deuteronomy 14:1-19, etc. The prohibition against ‘consuming’ unclean flesh includes any means by which this unclean flesh might be taken into one’s body (e.g., eating, drinking, smoking, snorting, injecting, etc.). And the ‘flesh’ of unclean forms of life also includes those identifiable components which characterize those unclean life forms (e.g., DNA, RNA, plasmids, etc.).
We also avoid all food additives derived from unclean life forms – even if approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) – such as ‘natural flavors’ and ‘natural colors’ like:
(a) ‘civet absolute’ [a ‘natural flavor’ used in raspberry, butter, rum, grape, and caramel flavorings for beverages, ice cream, baked goods, candy, chewing gum, etc. The source of this additive is a secretion from a receptacle between the anus and genitals of civet cats];
(b) ‘castoreum’ [a ‘natural flavor’ extracted from beaver glands and used in a similar manner to civet absolute].
(c) ‘ambergris’ [a ‘natural flavor’ extracted from sperm whale intestines and used in a similar manner to civet absolute and castoreum].
(d) ‘cochineal’/‘carmine red’ [a ‘natural color’ red pigment derived from a desert-dwelling scaled insect used in confections, fruit cocktail, red apple sauce, baked goods, meats, etc.].
Most members of our fellowship follow a vegetarian or vegan diet and we consume organic, non-genetically-modified fruits and vegetables. Those congregants who choose to eat meat consume only the Biblically clean animals specified in the aforementioned Biblical passages. They consume neither the blood of these animals (e.g., Leviticus 7:26-27, 17:12-14, etc.) nor the fat of these animals (e.g., Leviticus 7:23-24, etc.).
We do not consider these matters to be simply academic, but rather matters of purity, holiness, and even life or death. The God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob commands us to:
put difference between clean beasts and unclean, and between unclean fowls and clean: and you shall not make your souls abominable by beast, or by fowl, or by any manner of living thing that creeps on the ground, which I have separated from you as unclean. And ye shall be holy unto me: for I the LORD am holy.” (Leviticus 20:25-26).
With respect to vaccines, we research them carefully and do not allow into our bodies vaccines which contain recognizable components (e.g., DNA, RNA, plasmids, etc.) of unclean animals or humans. This includes vaccines, which have been cultured in the flesh of unclean animals or humans. For example, the Varicella Virus Vaccine [VARIVAX] is cultured in:
human embryonic lung cell cultures, adapted to and propagated in embryonic guinea pig cell cultures, and finally propagated in human diploid cell cultures.”
With respect to the COVID-19 vaccines, we find similar, unbiblical characteristics with both the ‘Vector DNA’ and ‘messenger RNA (mRNA)’ variants.
COVID-19 ‘Vector DNA’ Vaccines
We believe strongly that both of the current COVID-19 vaccines based upon ‘vector DNA’ technology (i.e., the Johnson & Johnson vaccine and the AstraZenica vaccine) are Biblically unclean and must not be taken into our bodies. Similarly, it is a declared fact that both the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines are built from conducting research with fetal cell lines from aborted human fetuses during the “development” and “confirmation” stages of the vaccine creation process, and are equally abominable before our God, and are prohibited for our use in any of their forms. Even if the abortions were performed in 1BC, the passage of time would still not make vaccines produced from these cell lines acceptable for our use! Specifically, Science literature says:
Pfizer and Moderna did perform confirmation tests (to ensure the vaccines work) using fetal cell lines… Fetal cell lines are cells that grow in a laboratory. They descend from cells taken from elective abortions in the 1970s and 1980s.
The FDA Fact sheet for the Johnson & Johnson vaccine states only that the vaccine contains “recombinant, replication-incompetent adenovirus type 26 expressing the SARS-Cov-2 spike protein,” but gives no further details of the process resulting in the ‘recombinant’ adenovirus. Per conversations with pharmacy staff personnel in various pharmacies in the greater Washington DC area, the Johnson & Johnson vaccine does not come with package inserts. While we do not know specifically if the ‘recombination’ process involves the cells of unclean animals, it does use cells from a human “fetal retina cell line.”
The fact that the ‘human embryonic’ cell lines used for medical research are ‘harvested’ from the bodies of aborted babies is another reason why these vaccines are unclean to us. We believe that the practice of abortion is a profoundly serious transgression of Biblical law (e.g., Jeremiah 1:5, 2:34, 19:4, Psalm 139:13, Job 31:15) and we cannot take the ‘products of abortion’ into our own bodies. Verses such as the ones below show that Yahweh considers abortion as a great sin and hostility against His righteousness.
“37 They even sacrificed their sons and their daughters to the demons, 38 And shed innocent blood, The blood of their sons and their daughters, Whom they sacrificed to the idols of Canaan; And the land was polluted with the blood. 39 Thus they became unclean in their practices, And played the harlot in their deeds.” (Psalms 139: 37-39).
With this knowledge, it is a mortal sin for us, before our Creator, to wantonly extinguish life for the making of a vaccine. We believe that God has provided clean resources in nature which when applied in harmony with His Law, will preserve the life of the fetus, as well as those dying from infectious diseases. And while we do respect the Science of Medicine and its many advances, we also believe that all true Science will respect the authority of our Creator in establishing boundaries for mankind. Regarding the development of the new suite of mRNA vaccines, the reports are clear that they were founded by first culturing them in aborted human fetuses, and this we are prohibited from using!
We are mindful that other vaccine lines also use aborted fetuses for, we are told, they “are all made by growing the viruses in fetal cells.” The AstraZenica vaccine production uses “chimpanzee adenovirus,” and HEK293—a “human embryonic kidney” cell line, but the ingredient details and ‘recombination’ process are not available because the Emergency Use Authorization and the FDA Fact Sheet for Recipients and Caregivers are not yet available. Therefore, the AstraZenica vaccine is likewise Biblically unclean, and we are not permitted by God to take this unclean vaccine into our bodies.
In addition to reasons of faith and Biblical observance, these vaccines present health dangers, which should be of concern to all peoples.
Because the manufacture of these vaccines requires genetically modified human tumor cell lines, there is the potential for human DNA contamination as well as many other potential contaminants.
As will be addressed later, the vaccines have not yet been approved by the FDA and have resulted in serious health complications for thousands of individuals, including death. Yet, even if they have been given FDA approval, as we expect them to be in the future, we are still forbidden by God to use them, for reasons stated above.
COVID-19 ‘mRNA’ Vaccines
The current COVID-19 vaccines based upon ‘mRNA’ technology (i.e., the Moderna vaccine and the Pfizer-BioNT vaccine) are also Biblically unclean to us for reasons slightly different than for the ‘vector DNA’ variants.
The first issue of concern is that the vaccine developers – in order to stabilize the mRNA against degradation by the human body’s own immune system – substituted “methyl-pseudouridine for all of the uridine nucleotides… This form of mRNA delivered in the vaccine is never seen in nature, and therefore has the potential for unknown consequences.”
A second issue of concern is that the developers of the mRNA code:
enriched the sequence in cytosines and guanines (Cs and Gs) at the expense of adenines and uracils… We do not know the unintended consequences of this maneuver. Intracellular pathogens, including viruses, tend to have low CG content compared to the host cell’s genome (Rocha and Danchin, 2020).
A third issue of concern is that “anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies could exacerbate COVID-19 through antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE).”
A theory for how ADE might occur in the case of a SARS-CoV-2 vaccine suggests that non-neutralizing antibodies form immune complexes with viral antigens to provoke excessive secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines, and, in the extreme case, a cytokine storm causing widespread local tissue damage (Lee et al., 2020).
The mRNA vaccines ultimately deliver the highly antigenic spike protein to antigen-presenting cells. As such, monoclonal antibodies against the spike protein are the expected outcome of the currently deployed mRNA vaccines. Human spike protein monoclonal antibodies were found to produce high levels of cross-reactive antibodies against endogenous human proteins (Vojdani et. al., 2021) … there is sufficient reason to suspect that antibodies to the spike protein will contribute to ADE provoked by prior SARS-CoV-2 infection or vaccination, which may manifest as either acute or chronic autoimmune and inflammatory conditions”
What is suggested by these studies is that human immune system reactions against mRNA-induced spike proteins might very well cause our immune systems to attack our very own endogenous proteins, with potentially catastrophic results.
Since April 2021, increased cases of myocarditis and pericarditis have been reported in the United States after mRNA COVID-19 vaccination (Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna), particularly in adolescents and young adults.
Dr. Peter McCullough, MD, an Internist, Cardiologist, Epidemiologist, and Professor of Medicine at Texas A&M College of Medicine in Dallas Texas, with 40 peer-reviewed publications on the COVID infection, stated:
The tension that Americans are feeling right now, trying to keep their jobs and go to work, is that they know they can die of the vaccine; that’s the problem… There are over 4000 dead Americans and there are over 10,000 dead people in Europe that died on days ‘one’, ‘two’, and ‘three’ after the vaccine. Why are we pushing this in a way where peoples’ jobs, and their education, and their livelihoods depend on a decision that is potentially fatal?… The internet is full of these cases of blood clots, strokes, immediate death.
I am fortunate; I have not directly lost a patient to the vaccine… Most got vaccinated in December, January, and February. Based upon the safety data now, I can no longer recommend it, I can’t recommend it. It has passed all the thresholds for being a safe product, it is not a safe product; none of them are… There are now papers written by prominent scientists calling for a worldwide halt in the program.
Dr. McCullough went on to say that far too many of his patients had lost family members to the COVID vaccines and then shared his experience filling out VAERS reports for individuals who had been hospitalized because of COVID vaccine complications. Referring to the VAERS database, he stated:
All those thousands of Americans who have died with the vaccines – and the hospitalizations – in the database, I think are real, and they are far beyond anything we’ve ever seen. As a doctor and as a public citizen, I am extraordinarily concerned about the vaccine; the vaccine is not safe.
I respectfully request that you consider the cautions raised by Dr. McCullough and the scores of other prominent scientists who are urging caution regarding safety and efficacy of the COVID-19 vaccines. Many of these scientists are finding it difficult to get their messages out to the wider public, because of what amounts to censorship on the traditional social media platforms. Therefore, I have provided you a listing of some of the pertinent published studies in the ‘Endnote’ section at the end of this letter.
The Moral Imperatives Against COVID-19 and other Vaccines
Beyond our religious beliefs, there are certain inalienable National and International Civil Rights provisions that devolve upon us, as members in a free society, to include the doctrine of Informed Consent, established in the Nuremberg Code of 1947, which states, in part:
1) The voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely essential… the person involved should have legal capacity to give consent; should be so situated as to be able to exercise free power of choice, without the intervention of any element of force, fraud, deceit, duress, over-reaching, or other ulterior form of constraint or coercion; and should have sufficient knowledge and comprehension of the elements of the subject matter involved, as to enable him to make an understanding and enlightened decision… 5) No experiment should be conducted, where there is an a priori reason to believe that death or disabling injury will occur”.
Nationally, the United States’ Federal Law prohibits any mandate of the Covid-19 vaccines as unlicensed, emergency-use-authorization-only vaccines. Section 360 of Title 21 of the “Emergency Use Authorization” (EUA), of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Federal Law, attests that employers ought to conform with the following conditions of administration:
(ii)Appropriate conditions designed to ensure that individuals to whom the product is administered are informed… (III) of the option to accept or refuse administration of the product… and of the alternatives to the product that are available and of their benefits and risks.”
In full support of the First Amendment to the United States’ Constitution, which provides for the free exercise of one’s religion, Congress has further strengthened such protections under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and enforced by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, which states in part:
All personnel actions affecting employees or applicants for employment … shall be made free from any discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
We readily acknowledge that this legislation requires employers to reasonably accommodate an employee’s sincerely held religious belief, practice or observance to the extent it can do so without “undue hardship” on the employer’s business. We encourage our members to follow all Federal, State, and Local guidelines on eliminating the spread of diseases, by adopting the now universal behaviors such as, carefully washing hands, properly social distancing, testing regularly, building the immune system with nutritional supplements, wearing a well-fitted mask in buildings and other enclosed spaces, etc.
Throughout the Scriptures we find eight principal laws to healthy living and natural healing, which, as a community, we faithfully obey. They form the acrostic “NEW-START”: Nutrition, Exercise, Water, Sunshine, Temperance (only in naturally occurring healthy things), Air, Rest, Trust in Divine healing.
We will update this page as more information becomes available to us.
Attachment – Studies and other References Related to the COVID-19 Vaccines
Blumenthal, K. G., Robinson, L. B., Camargo, C. Jr., Shenoy, E. S., Banerji, A., Landman, A. B., Wickner, P. (2021) Acute Allergic Reactions to mRNA COVID-19 Vaccines. Journal of the American Medical Association 325(15):1562-1565. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2021.3976.
CDC COVID-19 Response Team; Food and Drug Administration (2021, January 15). Allergic Reactions Including Anaphylaxis After Receipt of the First Dose of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine—United States, December 14–23, 2020. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 70(2): 46. https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7002e1.htm.
CDC COVID-19 Response Team; Food and Drug Administration (2021, January 29). Allergic Reactions Including Anaphylaxis After Receipt of the First Dose of Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine-United States. December 21, 2020 — January 10, 2021. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 70(4): 125-129. https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7004e1.htm.
Carter, M. J., Fish, M., Jennings, A., Doores, K. J., Wellman, P., Seow, J., … Shankar-Hari, M. (2020). Peripheral Immunophenotypes in Children with Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome Associated with SARS-CoV-2 Infection. Nature Medicine, 26(11), 1701-1707. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-020-1054-6.
Classen, J. B. (2021). Review of COVID-19 Vaccines and the Risk of Chronic Adverse Events Including Neurological Degeneration. Journal of Medical-Clinical Research and Reviews 5(4): 1-7. https://foundationforhealthresearch.org/review-of-covid-19-vaccines-and-the-risk-of-chronic-adverse-events/.
Corbett, K. S., Edwards, D.K., Leist, S. R., Abiona, O. M., Boyoglu-Barnum, S., Gillespie, R. A. … Graham, B. S. (2020) SARS-CoV-2 mRNA Vaccine Design Enabled by Prototype Pathogen Preparedness. Nature 586(7830): 567-571. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2622-0.
Doshi, P. (2020). Will COVID-19 Vaccines Save Lives? Current Trials Aren’t Designed to Tell Us. BMJ 371: m4037. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m4037.
Doshi, P. (2021a). Peter Doshi: Pfizer and Moderna’s “95% effective” vaccines—we need more details and the raw data. BMJ blog. Accessed 02/20/2021. https://blogs.bmj.com/bmj/2021/01/04/peter-doshi-pfizer-and-modernas-95- effective-vaccines-we-need-more-details-and-the-raw-data/
Doshi, P. (2021b). Clarification: Pfizer and Moderna’s “95% effective” Vaccines — We Need More Details and the Raw Data. BMJ blog. Accessed 02/20/21. https://blogs.bmj.com/bmj/2021/02/05/clarification-pfizer-and-modernas95-effective-vaccines-we-need-more-details-and-the-raw-data/
Ehrenfeld, M., Tincani, A., Andreoli, L., Cattalini, M., Greenbaum, A., Kanduc, D. … Shoenfeld, Y. (2020). COVID-19 and Autoimmunity. Autoimmunity Reviews 19(8): 102597. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7289100/
Eroshenko, N., Gill, T., Keaveney, M. K., Church, G. M., Trevejo, J. M. & Rajaniemi, H. (2020). Implications of Antibody-dependent Enhancement of Infection for SARS-CoV-2 Countermeasures. Nature Biotechnology 38(7): 789-791. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41587-020-0577-1.
European Medicines Agency. Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) Assessment report. COVID-19 Vaccine Moderna. Common name: COVID-19 mRNA Vaccine (nucleoside-modified) Procedure. No. EMEA/H/C/005791/0000. March 11 2021. p. 47. https://www.ema.europa.eu/en/documents/assessment-report/covid-19-vaccine-moderna-epar-public-assessment-report_en.pdf
Firdessa-Fite, R. & Creusot, R. J. (2020). Nanoparticles versus Dendritic Cells as Vehicles to Deliver mRNA Encoding Multiple Epitopes for Immunotherapy. Molecular Therapy: Methods & Clinical Development 16: 50-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.omtm.2019.10.015.
Furer, V., Zisman, D., Kibari, A., Rimar, D., Paran, Y., & Elkayam, O. (2021). Herpes zoster Following BNT162b2 mRNA Covid-19 Vaccination in Patients with Autoimmune Inflammatory Rheumatic Diseases: a Case Series. Rheumatology keab345. April 12 [Epub ahead of print] https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/keab345.
Ganson, N. J., Povsic, T. J., Sullenger, B. A., Alexander, J. H., Zelenkofske, S. L., … Hershfield, M. S. (2016). Pre-existing Anti–Polyethylene Glycol Antibody Linked to First-Exposure Allergic Reactions to Pegnivacogin, A PEGylated RNA Aptamer. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 137(5): 1610-1613. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2015.10.034.
Garvey, L. H., & Nasser, S. (2020, December 17) Allergic Reactions to the First COVID-19 Vaccine: is Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) the Culprit? British Journal of Anaesthesia. Epub ahead of print. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bja.2020.12.020.
Gao, Z. W., Zhang, H. Z., Liu, C., & Dong, K. (2021). Autoantibodies in COVID-19: Frequency and Function. Autoimmune Reviews 20(3): 102754. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.autrev.2021.102754.
Grady, D. & Mazzei, P. (2021). Doctor’s Death After COVID Vaccine Is Being Investigated. New York Times Jan. 12. https://www.nytimes.com/2021/01/12/health/covid-vaccine-death.html.
Grady, D. (2021). A Few Covid Vaccine Recipients Developed a Rare Blood Disorder. New York Times Feb. 8. https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/08/health/immune-thrombocytopenia-covid-vaccine-blood.html.
Haidere, M. F., Ratan, Z. A., Nowroz, S., Zaman, S. B., Jung, Y. J., Hosseinzadeh, H., & Cho, J. Y. (2021). COVID-19 Vaccine: Critical Questions with Complicated Answers. Biomolecules & therapeutics, 29(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.4062/biomolther.2020.178.
Kelso, J. M. (2021) Anaphylactic Reactions to Novel mRNA SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 Vaccines. Vaccine 39(6): 865– 867. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2020.12.084.
Kemp, S. A., Collier, D. A. Datir, R. P., Ferreira, I. A. T. M. Gayed, S., Jahun, A. … Gupta, R. K. (2021) SARS-CoV-2 Evolution during Treatment of Chronic Infection. Nature 2021 Apr;592(7853):277-282. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-021-03291-y.
Kozma, G. T., Mészáros, T., Vashegyi, I., Fülöp, T., Örfi, E., Dézsi, L., … Szebeni, J. (2019). Pseudo-anaphylaxis to Polyethylene Glycol (PEG)-Coated Liposomes: Roles of Anti-PEG IgM and Complement Activation in a Porcine Model of Human Infusion Reactions. ACS Nano 13(8): 9315-9324. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.9b03942.
Lederer, K., Castaño, D., Gómez Atria, D., Oguin T. H., III, Wang, S., Manzoni, T. B., … (2020).SARS-CoV-2 mRNA Vaccines Foster Potent Antigen-Specific Germinal Center Responses Associated with Neutralizing Antibody Generation.Immunity 53: 1281-1295. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.immuni.2020.11.009.
Lee, W. S., Wheatley, A. K., Kent, S. J. & DeKosky, B. J. (2020). Antibody-Dependent Enhancement and SARS-CoV-2 Vaccines and Therapies. Nature Microbiology 5(10): 1185-1191. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41564-020-00789-5.
Liu, L., Wei, Q., Lin, Q., Fang, J., Wang, H., Kwok, H., … Chen, Z. (2019). Anti–spike IgG Causes Severe Acute Lung Injury by Skewing Macrophage Responses During Acute SARS-CoV Infection. JCI Insight 4(4): e123158. https://doi.org/10.1172/jci.insight.123158.
Lyons-Weiler, J. (2020). Pathogenic Priming Likely Contributes to Serious and Critical Illness and Mortality in COVID-19 via Autoimmunity. Journal of Translational Autoimmunity 3: 100051. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2589909020300186.
Mahose, E. (2021) Covid-19: Booster Dose will be Needed in Autumn to Avoid Winter Surge, Says Government Adviser. BMJ 372: n664. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.n664.
Mehta, N., Sales, R. M., Babagbemi, K., Levy, A. D., McGrath, A. L., Drotman, M. & Dodelzon. K. (2021). Unilateral axillary Adenopathy in the setting of COVID-19 vaccine. Clinical Imaging 75: 12-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2021.01.016.
Mohamed, M., Lila, A. S., Shimizu, T., Alaaeldin, E., Hussein, A., Sarhan, H. A., Szebeni, J. & Ishida, T. (2019).PEGylated Liposomes: Immunological Responses. Science and Technology of Advanced Materials 20(1): 710-724. https://doi.org/10.1080/14686996.2019.1627174.
Ndeupen, S., Qin, Z., Jacobsen, S., Estanbouli, H., Bouteau, A., & Igyártó, B.Z. (2021) The mRNA-LNP Platform’s Lipid Nanoparticle Component Used in Preclinical Vaccine Studies is Highly Inflammatory. bioRxiv 2021.03.04.430128. https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.03.04.430128.
Peron, J. P. S. & Nakaya, H. (2020). Susceptibility of the Elderly to SARS-CoV-2 Infection: ACE-2 Overexpression, Shedding, and Antibody-dependent Enhancement (ADE). Clinics (Sao Paulo) 75: e1912. https://doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2020/e1912.
Stokes, A., Pion, J., Binazon, O., Laffont, B., Bigras, M., Dubois, G. … Rodriguez L.-A. (2020). Nonclinical Safety Assessment of Repeated Administration and Biodistribution of a Novel Rabies Self-amplifying mRNA Vaccine in Rats. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 113: 104648. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2020.104648.
Su, J. R., Moro, P. L., Ng, C. S., Lewis, P. W., Said, M. A., & Cano, M.V. (2019). Anaphylaxis after vaccination reported to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System, 1990-2016.Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 143(4): 1465-1473. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2018.12.1003.
Suzuki, Y. J. & Gychka, S. G. (2021). SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein Elicits Cell Signaling in Human Host Cells: Implications for Possible Consequences of COVID-19 Vaccines. Vaccines 9: 36. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9010036.
Verma, S., Saksena, S. & Sadri-Ardekani, H. (2020). ACE2 Receptor Expression in Testes: Implications in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pathogenesis. Biology of Reproduction 103(3): 449-451. https://doi.org/10.1093/biolre/ioaa080.
Vojdani, A., & Kharrazian, D. (2020). Potential Antigenic Cross-Reactivity Between SARS-CoV-2 and Human Tissue with a Possible Link to an Increase in Autoimmune Diseases. Clinical Immunology (Orlando, Fla.) 217: 108480. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clim.2020.108480.
Vojdani, A., Vojdani, E., & Kharrazian, D. (2021). Reaction of Human Monoclonal Antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 Proteins with Tissue Antigens: Implications for Autoimmune Diseases. Frontiers in Immunology 11: 3679. https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2020.617089.
Wan, Y., Shang, J., Sun, S., Tai, W., Chen, J., Geng, Q., … & Li, F. (2020). Molecular Mechanism for Antibody-Dependent Enhancement of Coronavirus Entry. Journal of virology, 94(5). https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.02015- 19.
Wang, C.-Y., Ma, S., Bi, S.-J., Su,L., Huang, S.-Y. … Peng, J. (2019). Enhancing Autophagy Protects Platelets in Immune Thrombocytopenia Patients. Ann Transl Med 7(7): 134. https://doi.org/10.21037/atm.2019.03.04.
Wang, Z.& Xu, X. (2020). ScRNA-seq Profiling of Human Testes Reveals the Presence of the ACE2 Receptor, a Target for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Spermatogonia, Leydig and Sertoli Cells. Cells 9: 920. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells9040920.
Wu, F., Yan, R., Liu, M., Liu, Z., Wang, Y., Luan, D., … Huang, J. (2020). Antibody-Dependent Enhancement (ADE) of SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Recovered COVID-19 Patients: Studies Based on Cellular and Structural Biology Analysis. medRxiv preprint. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.10.08.20209114.
Zhang, L., Richards, A., Barrasa, M, I., Hughes, S. H., Young, R. A. & Jaenisch, R. (2021). Reverse-transcribed SARS-CoV-2 RNA can Integrate into the Genome of Cultured Human Cells and can be Expressed in Patient-derived Tissues. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 118(21): e2105968118. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2105968118.
Zhou, Z.-H., Stone, C. A., Jr., Jakubovic, B., Phillips, E. J., Sussman, G., Park, J.-M. … Kozlowski, S. (2020). Anti-PEG IgE in Anaphylaxis Associated with Polyethylene Glycol. The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice ;9(4): 1731-1733.e3. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2020.11.011.
 MCBI, US National Library of Medicine, National Institute of Health, “Let food be thy medicine…”, Richard Smith, Jan 24, 2004, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC318470/.
 See, for example, Rabbi E. Eidlitz, Is It Kosher? (Jerusalem: Feldheim Inc., 1993), p. 131. There are also other books and numerous sites on the Internet, which address this topic.
 Ibid., p. 131
 Ibid, p. 128.
 Ibid, p. 130.
 Before the Torah was given to Moses, Noah knew which animals were clean and unclean. He took aboard the Ark, seven pairs (male and female) of the clean animals, but only one pair of the unclean animals (Genesis 7:1-3).
 Nebraska Medicine, Answer from infectious diseases expertJames Lawler, MD, March 2, 2021, https://www.nebraskamed.com/COVID/you-asked-we-answered-do-the-covid-19-vaccines-contain-aborted-fetal-cells
 Seneff, S. and Nigh, G., 2021, ‘Worse Than the Disease? Reviewing Some Possible Unintended Consequences of the mRNA Vaccines Against COVID-19’, International Journal of Vaccine Theory, Practice, and Research 2(1), pp. 38-79, (p. 42).
 Vaccine Ingredients – Fetal Cells, Reviewed by Paul A. Offit, MD on March 08, 2021; https://www.chop.edu/centers-programs/vaccine-education-center/vaccine-ingredients/fetal-tissues.
 NIH news release, “Investigational AstraZenica vaccine prevents COVID-19,” March 22, 2021, https://www.nih.gov/news-events/news-releases/investigsational-astrazenica-vaccine-prevents-covid-19
 Ibid., p. 42.
 Ibid., p.43.
 Ibid., p. 45
 Lee W, Wheatley A, Kent S, and DeKosky B, 2021, ‘Antibody-dependent enhancement and SARS-CoV-2 vaccines and therapies.’, Nat Bicrobiol., 2020 Oct; 5(10), pp. 1185-1191. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32908214/
 Seneff, S. and Nigh, G., p. 50
 Peter McCullough, MD, ‘MASSIVE! Top Doctor Warns About COVID Vaccine,’ MichaelSavage.com, posted May 27, 2021, https://michaelsavage.com/top-doctor-warns-about-covid-vaccine
 National Institutes of Health, Office of NIH History & Stetten Museum, The Nuremburg Code, 1949, https://history.nih.gov/display/history/Nuremberg+Code.
 Cornell Law School Legal Information Institute, 21 U.S. Code § 360bbb–3 – Authorization for medical products for use in emergencies, U.S. Code, US Law, Legal Information Institute (Cornell University), https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/21/360bbb-3.
 the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, https://www.eeoc.gov/statutes/title-vii-civil-rights-act-1964
[i] Except otherwise noted, all citations offset by [square brackets] are supplied by us.
[ii] Except otherwise noted, all texts offset in italics are ours.
Updated June 16, 2021